Suppliers and manufacturers of Sugars and Carbohydrate Sweeteners
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Sugars (saccharides) are widespread in nature and are the building blocks of carbohydrates - monosaccharides, disaccharides and polysaccharides. The monosaccharides, glucose, fructose, and galactose are composed of just one sugar molecule, and are known as the “simple sugars.” Glucose and fructose are abundant in fruits, honey, and processed foods. Galactose is found only in milk. Disaccharides are formed from two simple sugar units that are chemically attached, and include sucrose, lactose and maltose. Sucrose comes from sugar beets or sugar cane, and is more commonly known as table sugar. Sucrose is composed of the two simple sugars, glucose and fructose. It is the most abundant sugar in nature, important for its palatability, availability, low cost, and simplicity of production. Additional products from the refinement process of sucrose are molasses, brown sugar, and confectioners’ sugar. Lactose also is referred to as milk sugar. Lactose is made of the two simple sugars glucose and galactose. Maltose, two glucose units, is the result of the fermentation of the starch in grains by yeast or enzymes, as in bread-making or brewing. The polysaccharide family includes starch, cellulose, pectin, and glycogen. These complex carbohydrates are chains of glucose molecules. Starch, cellulose, and pectin are found in plants. Glycogen is the storage form of glucose for humans and animals.